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Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah Wal Jama'ah - Shaikh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-Uthaimeen



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The Belief of Ahl-us-Sunnah Wal Jama'ah - Shaikh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-Uthaimeen
   The Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ahBy Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Uthaimeen  The Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ahBy Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Uthaimeen In the Name of Allaah, the Most-Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy  All Praise is due to Allaah Lord of all creation, and the final outcome is for those who fearHim, and there is no enmity except for the wrongdoers, and I bear witness that there isnothing worthy of worship except Allaah, alone without any partner, the King, the Truth,the One Who Clarifies, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger, sealof the Prophets and leader of the pious, may Allaah extol him and his family and hisCompanions and those who follow them until the Day of Recompense. To proceed:So indeed Allaah the Exalted sent His Messenger Muhammad sallallaahu’alaihiwassallam  withthe guidance and the true religion as a mercy for the creation and as an example for those who act and as a proof upon all of the slaves.He clarified through him and through that which He sent down upon him from the Book and the Hikmah  (the Sunnah   ), everything which corrects the slaves and rectifies theircondition, both in their religious and worldly affairs, from the correct beliefs, proper actions,good character and noble manners. So he sallahallaahu’alaihiwasallam  left his Ummah  upon theclear white path whose night is like its day - no-one deviates from it except that he isdestroyed.So his Ummah  proceeded upon this - those who responded to Allaah and His Messenger -the best of the creation from the Companions and the Taabi’oon  and those who followedthem in goodness. So they established themselves upon his Sharee’ah  and held on to his Sunnah  and bit onto that with their molar teeth, in terms of their belief, worship, characterand manners. So they were followed by the group which will not cease to be manifest uponthe truth, they will not be harmed by those who harm them or oppose them until Allaah theExalted’s command comes about and they are upon this. And we - and all praise is due to Allaah - are proceeding upon their path and with theirexample aided by the  Qur'aan  and the Sunnah  are we guided. We say this in order to proclaimthe favour of Allaah the Exalted and so as to clarify that which is obligatory for every Muslim to be upon. And we ask Allaah the Exalted to keep us and our Muslim brothers firm with the word thatstands firm in the life of this world and in the hereafter and that He bestow upon us fromHim His Mercy - Indeed He is the Bestower. And because of the importance of this subject and the divergence of views in it, I wished to write something concise upon our  Aqeedah  , the  Aqeedah  of   Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah  , and itis belief in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day and Pre-decree - itsgood and its evil, asking Allah the Exalted that He makes this purely for His Face, suitablefor His Pleasure and beneficial for His Slaves. 1   The Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ahBy Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Uthaimeen Our  Aqeedah  is: belief in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day andPre-decree - its good and its evil.So we believe in the Ruboobiyyah  of Allaah Most High – that He is the Lord, the Creator, theKing, the Disposer of all the Affairs. And we believe in the Uloohiyyah  of Allaah Most High – that He is the only One who truly deserves to be worshipped, and that everything else which is worshipped besides Him isfalse. And we believe in His Names and Attributes – that He has the most Beautiful Names andPerfect Lofty Attributes. And we believe in establishing the one-ness of this – that he has no partner in His Ruboobiyyah  nor in His Uloohiyyah  and nor in his Names and Attributes. Allaah Most Highsaid, “Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them – so worship Him(Alone) and be constant and patient in worship of Him – do you know of any who is similarto Him?” [Maryam:65] And we believe that He is, “Allaah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the EverLiving, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleepovertake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who ishe that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens tothem (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they  will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursee  (Footstool) extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding andpreserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” [Al-Baqarah:255] And we believe regarding Him, “He is Allaah beside Whom there is nothing worthy of being  worshipped but He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Beneficent,the Most Merciful. He is Allaah beside Whom there is nothing worthy of being worshippedbut He, the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcherover His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High isHe) above all that they associate as partners with Him. He is Allaah, the Creator, theInventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is inthe heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Al-Hashr:22-24] And we believe that the dominion of the heavens and the earth belong to Him, “He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male(offspring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He rendersbarren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things.” [Ash-Shooraa:49-50] 2   The Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ahBy Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Uthaimeen  And we believe regarding Him, There is none like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth, He enlarges provision for whom He wills and straitens it (for whom He wills). Verily He is the All-Knower of everything.” [Ash-Shooraa:11-12] And we believe regarding Him, “And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but itsprovision is due from Allaah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus,grave, etc.) all is in a Clear Book.” [Hood:6] And we believe regarding Him, “With Him are the keys of the Ghaib  (all that is hidden),none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in thesea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth noranything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record.” [Al-An’aam:59] And we believe regarding Him, “With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sendsdown the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earntomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Alaah is All-Knower, All- Aware.” [Luqmaan:34] And we believe that Allaah speaks with what He wills, when He wills, how He wills, “And Allaah spoke to Moosaa directly” [An-Nisaa:164], “And when Moosaa reached the time andplace appointed by Us and his Lord spoke to him” [Al-A’raaf:143], “And We called himfrom the right side of the mount, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him”.[Maryam:52] And we believe that He is, “If there were a sea of ink for the words of your Lord, the sea would run out before the words of your Lord would be finished” [Kahf:109]. “And if all thetrees on earth were pens and the sea (ink), with seven more seas after that, the words of yourLord would not run out. Indeed Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”. [Luqmaan:27] And we believe that His Words are the most perfect of speech in terms of truthfulness inthat which they report, and justice in that which they legislate and in terms of beauty of discourse. Allaah the Most High said, “And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled intruth and justice” [An’aam:115], and He said, “And who is more truthful in speech than Allaah” [An-Nisaa:87]. And we believe that the Qur’aan is the speech of Allaah Most High, with which He spoke inreality and which He bestowed upon Jibreel, so Jibreel descended with it to the heart of theProphet sallallaahualaihiwassallam, “Say: the holy spirit [Jibreel] descended with it from yourLord in Truth” [An-Nahl:102], “And indeed it is something which is sent down from theLord of creation. The trustworthy spirit descended with it upon your heart so that youcould be from the warners, in a clear Arabic tongue.” [Ash-Shu’araa:192-195]. And we believe that Allaah azzawajal is above His creation in His Self and Attributesbecause of His most High’s statement, “And He is the Most High, the Most Great”[Baqarah:255], and His statement, “And He is the Irresistible, above His slaves and He is the All-Wise, Well acquainted with all things” [Al-An’aam:18]. 3   The Aqeedah of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ahBy Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Uthaimeen  And we believe that, “He created the heavens and the earth in six days then He ascendedupon the Throne; He disposes the affairs” [Yoonus:3]. And His ascending upon the throneis an ascending upon it with His Self, a specific ascending in accordance with His Majesty and Greatness and no-one knows the precise manner of this except for Him. And we believe that He, Most High, is with His creation and upon his throne, He knowstheir condition and He hears their speech and He sees their actions and He disposes theiraffairs, He enriches the poor and heals the cripple, He bestows sovereignty upon whom He wills and He removes sovereignty from whom He wills, and He honours whom He wills,and He humiliates whom He wills, in His Hand is all good, and He has power over allthings. And the One who possesses these qualities is with His creation in truth, even thoughHe is above them upon His throne in reality, There is nothing comparable unto Him andHe is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing [Ash-Shooraa:11]. And we do not say as the Hulooliyyah from the Jahmiyyah and other than them say: that Heis with His creation upon the earth physically. And we see that the one who says this iseither a kaafir or someone astray, because he has described Allaah with that is inappropriate -i.e. belittling Him. And we believe in that which the Messenger sallallaahualaihiwasallam has informed us aboutHim that He descends every night to the lowest heaven when the last third of the nightremains, and He says, Who is calling upon Me so that I may answer him, who is asking of Me so that I may give to him, who is seeking My forgiveness so that I may forgive him? . And we believe that He, glorified and exalted be He, will come on the Day of Judgement tojudge between His slaves in accordance with His most high's statement, Nay, when theearth is ground to dust, grinding. And your Lord comes and the angels, rank upon rank. And on that day the hellfire will be brought. On that day man will remember, though hisremembering will be to no avail [Al-Fajr:21-23]. And we believe that He most High is, Doer of what He wishes [Hood:107] And we believe that His most High's Decree is of two types:Creational: that which He wishes does occur by this Will, even though it may be something disliked by Him, and this is what is meant by 'will', as in His most High's statement, And if  Allaah had willed they would not have fought one another, but Allaah does what He wishes [Baqarah:253], If Allah had wished for you to be led astray; He is your Lord [Hood:34] And Legislational: that which He wishes may not occur by this Will, though that which is wished for is always liked by Him, as in His most High's statement, And Allah wants toforgive you [An-Nisaa:27] And we believe that thing which is intended by Allaah whether creational or legislationalfollows on from His wisdom; so everything which He ordains creationally or which Hiscreation worships with legislationally then indeed it is from Hikmah following on fromHikmah, whether we understand from it that which we understand or if our intellects are 4
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