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Multi-stakeholder Workshop Report Proceedings of a Multi-stakeholder Workshop held on 14th 15th June 2016, at Crossroads Lodge, Solwezi Zambia



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2016 Multi-stakeholder Workshop Report Proceedings of a Multi-stakeholder Workshop held on 14th 15th June 2016, at Crossroads Lodge, Solwezi Zambia Value Chain Innovation Platforms for Improved Food Security
2016 Multi-stakeholder Workshop Report Proceedings of a Multi-stakeholder Workshop held on 14th 15th June 2016, at Crossroads Lodge, Solwezi Zambia Value Chain Innovation Platforms for Improved Food Security in East and Southern Africa (VIP4FS) (FST/2014/093) 9/23/2016 Multi-stakeholder Workshop Report Proceedings of a Multi-stakeholder Workshop held in June 2016 in Solwezi, Zambia Contributors Joan Kimaiyo 1, Gillian Kabwe 2, Patricia Masikati 3, Evans Mtonga 4, Kellys Sikabbwele 2, Isaac Jere 5, Bwembya S 6, Joseph Tanui 1, Evelyne Kiptot 1, Karl Hughes 1 and Alexandra Peralta 7 1 World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya 2 Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia 3 World Agroforestry Centre, Lusaka Zambia 4 Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Solwezi, Zambia 5 Zambia Agricultural Research Institute, Misamfu Research Station, Kasama. 6 Zambia Agricultural Research Institute, Solwezi. 7 The University of Adelaide, Australia Correct citation: Kimaiyo J, Kabwe G, Masikati P, Mtonga E, Sikabbwele K, Jere I, Bwembya S, Tanui J, Kiptot E, Hughes K and Perelta A Proceedings of a Multi-stakeholder Workshop in Solwezi, Zambia. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, 36pp. i Table of Contents List of Tables... iii Table of Figures... iii Acknowledgments... v Introduction Methodological approach Participant groupings Official opening of the workshop DAY Multi-stakeholder workshop proceedings outcomes Day 1-Session 1: Introductions of various stakeholders and stakeholder interest in the various value chains Day 1-Session 2: VIP4FS project introduction Day 1-Session 3: Workshop objectives Day 1-Session 4: Analysis of current production levels, potential and constraints experienced Constraints faced by farmers Existing opportunities for the value chains DAY Stakeholder mapping and visioning Day 2 Session 1: Stakeholder mapping and visioning Group work presentations Day 2 Session 2: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) Day 2 Session 3: Identification of strategic issues and work planning Solwezi beans group strategic issues and Work plan Soya bean strategic issues and work planning Village strategies issues and work planning Closing remarks and Way forward Annex 1: Names of participants in each value chain category Annex 2: Workshop Agenda ii List of Tables Table 1: Participant categorization Table 2: Interests of participants Table 3: Production and marketing of soya beans, Solwezi beans and village chicken Table 4: Production and marketing constraints in the selected value chains Table 5: SWOT analysis across value chains Table 6: Solwezi beans value chain platform six month action plan Table 7: Soybean value chain platform six month action plan Table 8: Village chicken value chain platform strategic issues and a six month action plan Table of Figures Figure 1: Participant group discussion in the village chicken group Figure 2: Participant presents vision map for the Soya beans value chain group Figure 3: Visions maps for the village chicken value chain Figure 5: Vision maps for the Solwezi Beans Value chain Figure 6: Vision maps for the Soya Bean value chains Figure 7: Participants during group discussions, Soya beans group iii ACRONYMS ACIAR ATS CBOS DCU DFA GRZ ICRAF ICTS IDE IFAD MCTI MOA NATSAVE NGO NWCU PAZ PCU SWOT VIP4FS WVZ ZANACO ZMK ZNFU Australian Centre for Agricultural Research Allterrain Services group Community Based Organizations District Co-operative Union District Farmer Associations Government of the Republic of Zambia World Agroforestry Centre Information and Communications Technologies International Development Enterprise International Fund for Agricultural Development Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry Ministry of Agriculture National Savings and Credit Bank, Zambia Non-Governmental organizations North-Western Co-operative Union Poultry Association of Zambia Provincial Co-operative Union Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Value Chain Innovation platform for improved Food security World Vision Zambia Zambia National Commercial Bank Zambian Kwacha Zambia National Farmers Union iv Acknowledgments The Value Chain Innovation Platforms for Food Security (VIP4FS) project is generously funded by the Australian government through the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). The project team is grateful to all who contributed in some way to the success of the multi-stakeholder workshop. v Introduction The Value chain innovation platforms to improve food security (VIP4FS) project held a two-day multi-stakeholder workshop in Solwezi, Zambia on June The workshop brought together multiple stakeholders interested in the selected value chains (Solwezi beans, soya beans and village chicken). The three value chains were selected based on a selection criteria endorsed by the local community where the project is being implemented. The aim of the workshop was to develop an understanding between stakeholders and bring on board those interested in jointly working together towards improving markets and household incomes. The workshop convened farmers, farmer associations, traders, processors, the private sector, financial institutions and government ministries operating in Solwezi district. VIP4FS is a four year project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and is operational in Solwezi district, Zambia and in Uganda (Kapchorwa and Manafwa districts). The project aims at developing cost-effective and scalable approaches for establishing value chain innovation platforms that enhance smallholder participation in sustainable markets thereby improving food security. VIP4FS project focuses on what makes value chain innovation platforms (VIPs) successful in terms of institutional, technological, market and policy factors. Methodological approach The workshop brought together different stakeholders interested in the three value chains of interest: Soya beans, Solwezi beans and village chicken. The criteria upon which value chains were selected include: potential for large impact, prospects for tractable interventions and comparisons, enterprises to be demand driven with respect to development partners, have identifiable private sector partnerships, co-benefit smallholder livelihood systems, match competence within the project team, have potential to impact women and young people, have access to institutions necessary for change and supportive policy environment. Participatory methods such as group based discussions, role plays and participant presentations, were used during the workshop to enhance discussion, participation and communication among invited stakeholders. The group discussions focused on analysis of production scenarios for all value chains, production and marketing constraints and best case scenarios for value chain development. Participants discussed the common challenges faced by different stakeholders along the value chains and identified other stakeholders that could assist in development of the value chains and their specific roles. In addition, each group also came up with preferred future scenarios that included vision maps of the different value chains Participants established action plans as an important step in the formation of innovation platforms. The action plans forecast scenarios and initiates coalition development processes as a basis for facilitating growth in development and marketing of products in the innovation platform. The joint action plans established future goals as well as specific strategies to achieving them. The plans entailed the vision/mandate of the platforms, the goals the platforms are set to achieve and specific strategies in attaining the goals. The platforms also defined roles and responsibilities, timelines for completion of activities and monitoring and evaluation strategy. The action plans were agreed upon by all the stakeholders present and will be used for future follow ups. Participant groupings Participants to this workshop were invited depending on their interests in the three (3) selected value chains. The participants included representatives from the following categories: producers (farmers, farmer groups), traders (small scale traders, buyers such as Shoprite, ATS (Allterrain Services group), agro dealers, financial service providers, mine representatives, development partners such as International Development Enterprise (IDE), World Vision, Ministry of Agriculture, processors (Mutanda farms and individual processors) and Zambia National Farmers Union (ZNFU). Facilitators from the local community were also involved to help in translation of workshop sessions and to take notes during group discussions. During the workshop, participants were grouped depending on their interests in the different value chains. Stakeholders that were involved in more than one value chain were asked to choose a group they would contribute most to. Table 1 highlights categorization and proportions of invited participants. Participants in each group were also asked to write their names and contacts to allow for further and future follow up. The names, contacts and organizations for the participants belonging to different groups are presented in Annex Table 1: Participant categorization Category Farmer Chicken 2 (M F) 1 urban broiler Chicken producer (Farm yard making own feed formulations) Value Chains Soya beans Solwezi beans Cross cutting Solwezi district farmer association Cooperatives/Marketing ZNFU 1 DCU 1 Buyers/Traders (Shoprite, ATS, Agro dealers) Finance (NATSAVE) 1 Processors 1 1 Transporters 1 1 for all beans Mines (Kansanshi- soya beans and Lumwanacrosscutting) 1 1 IDE 1 CBOs WVI 1 Market (Kyawama representatives for beans and chicken) 1 1 Middle men (Seasonal buyers) 1 1 Mutanda farms 1 1 Church buying soya beans) Official opening of the workshop The workshop was officially opened by the Provincial Agricultural Coordinator, Mr Derrick Simukanye. In his speech he recognized the importance of the project in working with the communities and the work already undertaken by the project in Solwezi. He thanked all participants for availing themselves for the workshop and urged all stakeholders invited to work together towards better agricultural production and enhanced livelihoods DAY 1 Multi-stakeholder workshop proceedings outcomes Day 1 of the workshop focused on participant familiarization, project introduction and workshop objectives. Participants were also grouped into categories and initial discussions on production and production potential of the three value chains. Day 1-Session 1: Introductions of various stakeholders and stakeholder interest in the various value chains Session facilitated by Shadreck Bwembya The workshop started with participant familiarization and ice breaking. In this session each participant was to introduce themselves by stating their name, organizations/farmer/farmer group, their area of residence and interests in the three value chains (Solwezi beans, soya beans and village chicken). This session ensured facilitators understood the participants interests and level of participation in the selected value chains. Table 2 shows the interests of participants. Table 2: Interests of participants Participants interests Women empowerment What is discussed in the workshop is put into practice Empowerment of all farmers both women and men Interest in production and women empowerment Get to knowledge about of the project Chicken farming Solwezi beans production The improvement across the value chain in terms of income Value chain improvement and knowledge transfer to other farmers This project provides the objective we have aimed at achieving over a long period of time Happy to discuss the marketing of our farm produce Agro dealers association, interact and seek better markets Cooperative union leaders interest, knowledge especially on chicken and soya beans to disseminate to members ZNFU s members interest in Solwezi and soya beans production and poultry farming Lead farmer for Kanshashi foundation whose interests include soya beans and village chicken rearing Information sharing and developing common understanding of the value chains Opportunities in value chains for farmers The workshop should have practical application of areas of interventions on the value chains, industrializations and job creation A business person dealing with beans interested with learning new things Trader selling soya beans interested in soya bean production As trustee of Solwezi business association what is taught should be realized in the future - 9 - More focus should be on small scale farmers To see value addition of products such as soya beans, eggs As a member of the Poultry Association of Zambia, he would like to see how association members and community could benefit See the implementation of current commerce and industrialization policy on the rural sector The workshop to be action orientated Diversification of the economy Challenges and constraints facing stakeholders Day 1-Session 2: VIP4FS project introduction In this session, Patricia Masikati, the ICRAF Zambia Project Focal Person, gave an overview of the VIP4FS project objective, its goals and intended impacts to the community of interest. The presentation also highlighted activities already implemented in Solwezi and the outcomes of each activity. The presentation summary is as follows: VIP4FS project objectives and deliverables: The project aims to identify principles and drivers that can support innovation platforms to improve food security by connecting more smallholder farmers to markets. The project outputs are as follows: Evidence and guidelines that will assist stakeholders to invest in scaling up value chain IPs Guidelines identifying appropriate strategies for developing effective IPs Recommendations on options for enhanced policy instruments to support retail linkages with farmers especially women and youth Enhanced capacity of partners The presentation also highlighted the fact that Solwezi was purposefully selected for the project activities as it has increased local markets due to the new mines. The area also has excellent climate with favorable rainfall hence high potential for production of variety of crops. It also has great forests, which is a source of food and income for the local community through game meat, timber and bee products (mushroom, honey and beeswax). The area has been in the development plans by the government to do capacity building of local communities and strengthening of local institutions Activities already undertaken in Solwezi include: 1. Inception workshop in Lusaka and also field visits in Solwezi 2. Scoping study for institutions and market delivery systems 3. Household baseline survey of smallholder farmers, traders and processors 4. Visits to various project sites The presentation also highlighted the findings from the household baselines survey held. Data had been collected from households that practice at least one of the selected value chains of interests: Solwezi beans, soya beans and village chicken. These were selected based on a nine point criteria. The production levels for the three selected value chains from the household survey are presented in (Table 3). Table 3: Production and marketing of soya beans, Solwezi beans and village chicken Block Soya beans Solwezi beans Village chicken Producing % Selling % Producing % Selling % Producing % Selling % St. Francis Mutanda Lunga Mushindamo Mukumbi Total= N= From the table, most farmers planted soya beans in Mushindamo whereby 68% of farmers interviewed produce soya beans and 100% of the farmers sold the soya beans produced. For Solwezi beans otherwise commonly known as common beans, more than 50% of farmers interviewed in each block produce Solwezi beans. For village chicken at least 82% of farmers keep chicken with only 60 % selling them. Village chicken is traditionally owned by all North Western dwellers of Zambia but its production is marred with high mortality rate due to poor management by farmers and diseases. Comments on the presentation 1. What causes the high mortality rates of chicken- need to educate the farmers on proper management of poultry 2. Need to educate farmers on supply of drugs and vaccines. Farmers need to be sensitized on production and marketing opportunities for village chicken Day 1-Session 3: Workshop objectives Facilitator Joseph Tanui The workshop objectives were presented and explained by Joseph Tanui. The objectives of the workshop as highlighted were: 1. To bring together various stakeholders involved/interested in selected value chains (Solwezi beans, soya beans and village chicken) and develop understanding, participation and level of interests by the stakeholders 2. Through a systematic participatory process, analyze current production levels, potential and constraints experienced 3. Further analyze markets and market niches for the different stakeholder types 4. Participatory development of vision maps, defining areas of collaboration 5. Undertake SWOT analysis for different value chains and identification of areas for intervention 6. Undertake stakeholder mapping and arrive at consensus on: a. Requirements and production volumes b. Agreements on value chain processes c. Market identification and development d. Potential and constraints experienced e. Plans developed and estimates made 7. The need and potential role of different stakeholders 8. Formation of innovation platforms Day 1-Session 4: Analysis of current production levels, potential and constraints experienced Facilitator: Joseph Tanui In this session, participants were asked to analyze the current production levels of soya beans, Solwezi beans and village chicken. The discussions were held in groups consisting of all actors; producers, processors, traders and policy/development partners. During the discussions each of the stakeholders was to share their perspectives on the current production levels. The levels had to be representative of other producers/traders. The findings from the discussions were later shared in plenary for discussions and questions. Participants were also asked to state constraints faced by farmers during production Current production levels for Soya beans Current initial production of soya beans was thought to be 1-2 Limas of land per farmer with an average yield of about 1100 kg/ha. The production has slightly risen in recent years due to market assurance for purchase of soya beans. Future production is predicted to be higher with potential yield ranging from 2-5 tonnes/ha due to the availability of a good market. Production of soya beans is often dependent on and influenced by market availability where farmers tend to produce more soya beans when market is good. Currently the market is offering to buy soya beans at ZM Kwacha 5000/ tonne. Current production levels for Solwezi beans/ common beans On average, production yields are kg bags per Lima. Farmers revealed that beans is grown in two phases during the rainy season that is, the first phase is intercropped with maize and planted at the beginning of the rainy season; while the other phase is planted towards the end of the season and is single cropped. The production of beans when intercropped with maize and other agricultural crops is high compared to single cropped field. Current production compared to 3 years as per farmers present in the meeting was as follows: 2 50 kg from 1Lima; first time farmer (Lunga) 7 50kg from 4 Lima of intercropped field 5 50kg from 2 Lima single cropped field while there were no yields in the past three years due to pest infestation Kyafukuma) 3 50kg from 1Lima and the same yields have been realized in the past 3 years.(st. Francis) 6 50kg from 2 Lima while in the past 3 years production has been on average of 3 50kg (on new soils in Kayonge area) The ideal Solwezi bean productivity is up to 10 bags per Lima. This is achieved
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