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PRACTICAL NURSING CERTIFICATE NURSING EDUCATION PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK AY Disclaimer The contents of this Practical Nursing Certificate Student Handbook are effective as of July 1, All
PRACTICAL NURSING CERTIFICATE NURSING EDUCATION PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK AY Disclaimer The contents of this Practical Nursing Certificate Student Handbook are effective as of July 1, All information contained herein is subject to change. Any changes will be posted to your Tri-C as well as the PN Group Site. If you have any questions or wish to confirm information contained herein, please contact the Division of Nursing. 1 Upon review of this document, the Letter of Agreement, Chemical Substance Policy Acknowledgement, Degree Audit Agreement, and Nursing Skills Laboratory Agreement must be electronically signed within the designated background screening and compliance tracking database currently being used by the program for admission and progression within the nursing program. 2 Dear Nursing Student: On behalf of the faculty and administration, we welcome you to the Cuyahoga Community College Practical Nursing Program. Upon successful completion of the program, you will meet the educational requirements for eligibility to take the National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses (NCLEX-PN). The nursing curriculum at Cuyahoga Community College is challenging and rewarding, but requires significant outside time commitments in order to be successful. We understand that many students must continue to work as they seek to advance themselves academically, but it is critical that you take time to make the appropriate lifestyle adjustments prior to beginning the program and utilize the numerous resources available here at the College in order to ensure your success. The faculty and administrative staff are eager to help you throughout this program. We have developed this student handbook to facilitate the successful completion of the Practical Nursing Certificate Program, and to assist you with preparation for the National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses. The handbook includes a description of the program, the curriculum, and policies and procedures specific to the Practical Nursing Certificate Program. You are encouraged to carefully read the Handbook and keep it for future reference. If you have questions regarding content in the handbook, please feel free to clarify them with faculty or direct your questions to the Nursing Office staff. We wish you much success in your pursuit of a career in nursing! Sincerely, Vivian Yates PhD, MSN, RN Dean, Division of Nursing Ebony Drummer MSN, RN Associate Dean, Division of Nursing Joy Caldwell MSN, RN Program Manager, Division of Nursing Aprille Haynie MSN, RN Program Manager, Division of Nursing Meredith Walker MSN, RN Program Manager, Division of Nursing Wendy Batch-Wilson DNP, RN Director Nursing Skills Lab, Division of Nursing 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS PROGRAM INFORMATION... 7 STUDENT RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT... 7 STUDENT COMMUNICATION POLICY... 7 NON-DISCRIMINATORY/DIVERSITY PRACTICES... 7 PHILOSOPHY... 8 ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK... 9 EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES ORIENTATION, REGISTRATION, PROGRAM TRACK, PROGRESSION, WITHDRAWAL, AND READMISSION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ORIENTATION REGISTERATION PROGRAM SEQUENCE TECHNICAL STANDARDS FOR ADMISSION, PROGRESSION, AND GRADUTION PROGRESSION PROCEDURE WITHDRAWAL PROCEDURE READMISSION PROCEDURES READMISSION LIST PROGRAM COMPLETION AND LICENSING PROCEDURES POLICIES AND PROCEDURES: CLASSROOM, SKILLS, LAB, AND CLINICAL GRANDING STANDARDS STUDENT NOTIFICATION OF UNISATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE EXAMINATIONS CLINICAL COMPENTECY EXAMINATION GRADE DISPUTE AND PROGRAM COMPLAINT POLICY ATTENDANCE NURSING SKILLS LABORATORY CLINICAL CLINICAL COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS DRESS CODE AND UNIFORM STUDENT ILLNESS AND INJURY PROCEDURE STUDENT EVALUATION OF NURSING COURSES AND CLINICAL SITES STUDENT CONDUCT AND PROFESSIONAL CODE OF ETHICS REGULATIONS AND GUIDELINES STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES/RESOURCES PROCEDURE FPOR STATE NURSE ASSISTANT TESTING (STNA) CAMPUS MAP CERTIFICATE IN PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM INFORMATION History of the Nursing Programs at Cuyahoga Community College In 1964, Cuyahoga Community College offered the first Associate Degree Nursing Program in the state of Ohio with the first class graduating in In 1968, the Ohio Board of Nursing approved a separate program at the interim Western Campus in Parma. These two programs served two different community profiles and held separate certifications, accreditations, curricula, advisory committees, and admission criteria. There was little exchange between the faculty and students between the campuses. In 1977, the College Board of Trustees conducted an extensive review, analysis, and evaluation of the two programs. As an outcome of this process, one college-wide program was established in Since that time, the Cuyahoga Community College Associate Degree Nursing Program has remained a single entity. The Associate Degree Nursing Program remains a college-wide program and is offered throughout the county. On the Metropolitan campus, students may attend classes in the generic and accelerated tracks. The Eastern campus offers the generic and LPN to RN tracks, and the Westshore Campus offers the generic track. The Practical Nursing Program was a vocational program prior to The Program was under the auspices of the Cleveland Public Schools as The Jane Addams School of Practical Nursing. Cuyahoga Community College took over the program in 1997, and the program was converted to a college credit bearing program where students earn a Certificate of Proficiency. The Ohio Board of Nursing has continued to approve the nursing programs since their establishment. Accreditation from the National League for Nursing was achieved in 1982 for the Associate Degree Nursing Program and has been maintained by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing since that time. Practical Nursing Program The Practical Nursing Program is a one-year certificate program that admits students annually each fall semester, and has a day and evening/weekend cohort on the Metropolitan Campus. Entry requirements must be met prior to admission to the program. The program consists of three semesters (Fall, Spring, and Summer). Corresponding day and evening lectures/labs are held at the Metropolitan Campus. Annually, up to 40 students are accepted into the day track and up to 40 students in the evening/weekend track. Students progress through a curriculum designed to increase knowledge based upon concepts of self-care for individuals, families, groups and society. Opportunities for student learning are diverse and enriched by exposure to various clinical agencies throughout Northeast Ohio. Students also have the opportunity to care for individuals of all ages in medical, surgical, pediatric, obstetric and geriatric settings. Upon completion of the program, graduates are eligible to sit for the National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses (NCLEX-PN). The program prepares graduates to be able to provide nursing care to patients or groups of patients at home or in institutions, at the direction of a licensed physician, advanced practice nurse, registered nurse, dentist, optometrist or podiatrist. 6 STUDENT RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT The Practical Nursing Student is responsible for receiving this handbook and adhering to the standards and procedures contained herein. Any information contained herein is subject to modification, deletion, or change. When there is a change in program or policy, the handbook will be updated, and it will be communicated via the student s Tri-C along with an announcement on the PN Blackboard group site. Students are also responsible for having their current address and telephone number reported to the Enrollment Center at any campus. This information can also be updated through My Tri-C space. STUDENT COMMUNICATIONS POLICY Cuyahoga Community College (CCC) has established as an official and primary means of communication with students. An official Cuyahoga Community address is required for all students. The college expects that every student will receive at his or her CCC address and will read on a frequent and consistent basis. A student's failure to receive and read college communications in a timely manner does not absolve that student from knowing and complying with the content of such communications. Students may elect to redirect (auto-forward) sent to their CCC address. Students who redirect from their official CCC address to another address do so at their own risk. If is lost as a result of forwarding, it does not absolve the student from the responsibilities associated with communications sent to their official CCC address. NON-DISCRIMINATORY/DIVERSITY PRACTICES Diversity: At Cuyahoga Community College, We are fortunate to have a true mosaic of people that contribute daily to create a magnificent learning environment. The college s position is that diversity enriches not only the institution but society as a whole. We are committed to appreciating diverse perspectives and valuing the collective differences and similarities that make us who we are. Discrimination: Discrimination against any individual based upon a person s age, ancestry, color, disability, genetic, information, military status, national origin, race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, or veteran status is prohibited. Any employee, student or other person who wishes to report discrimination or harassment based on any of the aforementioned protected classes, should contact the: College s Office of Inclusion, Diversity & Equal Opportunity Compliance Cuyahoga Community College 700 Carnegie Avenue Cleveland, OH (216) or In addition, the College s Title IX (related to disability discrimination) and section 504 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (related to disability discrimination) Coordinator is the director of Inclusion, Diversity, and Equal Opportunity Compliance. The Coordinator can be reached at the above captioned address and telephone number. 7 PHILOSOPHY The Practical Nursing Program within the Division of Nursing is an integral component of Cuyahoga Community College. The philosophy of the Practical Nursing Program is consistent with the general mission of the College, which is to provide high quality, accessible, and affordable educational opportunities and services to all members of the community. The educational environment of the College and Practical Nursing Program, are designed to promote individual development and to improve the overall quality of life in a multicultural community. Additionally, the philosophy of the Practical Nursing Program encompasses concepts related to the individual, society, health, teaching/learning, nursing practice, nursing education and the role of the Practical Nurse. These concepts are an integral part of the Practical Nursing Program. The Faculty believe: Individuals are a unit who can be viewed as functioning biologically, spiritually, and socially and who initiate and perform self-care activities on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and wellbeing; self-care activities that deal with air, water, food, elimination, activity and rest, solitude and social interaction, prevention of hazards to well-being, and promotion of human functioning. Society is composed of complex, multi-cultural groups of individuals, families, and communities who possess different beliefs, values, and behaviors. These cultural differences shape a person s thoughts and behaviors. Within society, individuals and groups attempt to meet self-care needs, maintain homeostasis, and achieve self-fulfillment. Culture is a design for living and it provides a set of norms and values that offer stability and security for members of society. Health is a state that is characterized by soundness or wholeness of developed human structures and of bodily and mental functioning. It includes physical, psychological, interpersonal, and social aspects. Well-being is used in the sense of individuals perceived condition of existence. Well-being is a state characterized by experiences of contentment, pleasure, and certain kinds of happiness; by spiritual experiences; by movement toward fulfillment of one s self-ideal; and by continuing personalization. Well-being is associated with health, with success in personal endeavors, and with sufficiency of resources. Nursing is a scientific and humanistic body of knowledge guided by nursing principles, nursing education, and the continuous development of the profession. Nursing practice entails helping individuals across the life span, and groups to meet their self-care needs, maintaining optimal health, detecting aberrations from health, assisting in restoring health, and support during life or to a peaceful death. These responsibilities are accomplished through a systematic and deliberate process. Licensed Practical Nurses contribute to the nursing assessment by collecting data; participate in the development of the nursing component of the care plan, provide direct basic nursing care in accordance with the Licensed Practical Nurses scope of practice set forth in the Nurse Practice Act, and contribute to the evaluation of patient responses to nursing care. Licensed Practical Nurses work interdependently with other health care team members to effectively enhance the health status, health assets, and health potentials of individuals, groups, families, and communities. 8 The Teaching/Learning Process provides opportunities for planned educational experiences to produce a measurable change in the behavior of the learner. Learning is enhanced when consideration is given to individual differences in cognitive style. Discussions, lectures, seminars, audiovisuals, demonstrations, reading assignments, student presentations, planned laboratory practice, applicable computer experience and clinical experience are utilized to meet the needs of the individual learner. Learning is most effective when theory and skills are taught concurrently, utilized promptly, and throughout the program. Nursing Education involves a learning process that requires interaction and joint responsibility of teacher and learner working toward a common goal. It is an ongoing process that promotes growth and development in cognitive, psychomotor, and affective behavior. The simple to complex instructional approach is responsive to a multi-cultural student population with varying learning styles and needs. The Practical Nursing Program is committed to providing educational opportunities to a non-traditional student body. It is built on nursing concepts and skills that enable the nurse to adapt in a changing society. Based on a cooperative relationship with community agencies, students are provided with opportunities to develop clinical skills in diverse health care settings. Upon successful completion of the program, the graduates are prepared for entry level nursing positions and are eligible to sit for the National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses. Education as a Life-Long Process is essential in today s society. Many changes are rapidly taking place due to advancements in technology and the availability of information. In order for individuals to develop their potential, increase their knowledge and skills, and be accountable for their actions, it is necessary to participate in continuing education programs. ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK The Faculty of the Practical Nursing Program within the Division of Nursing have developed an organizational framework that provides direction for the nursing curriculum and promotes optimal student learning. The organizational framework is derived from the philosophy and Dorthea Orem s Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, and provides a basis for the content and sequence of courses. The organizational framework states that individuals function and maintain life, health, and wellbeing through self-care. Practical Nursing focuses on the identification of self-care deficits and health deviations. Emphasis is on contributing to the assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation of the person/client s ability to meet self-care needs. Care may be provided by family members or others until the person/client is able to meet their own self-care needs. Six major themes have been identified and incorporated into the curriculum through the organizational framework. These themes are Nursing Process, Critical Thinking, Communication, Human Development, Cultural Diversity, and the Role of the Practical Nurse. The themes are defined as follows: 1. Nursing Process is central to nursing practice and is the basis for making decisions regarding nursing care. The Practical Nurse contributes to the five steps of the nursing process: assessment, analysis, planning, implementation, and evaluation, providing the framework for the delivery of patient care and is the structure for course content in the Practical Nursing Program. 2. Critical thinking/clinical Judgment is the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. This process gives reasonable consideration to evidence, contexts, conceptualizations, methods, and criteria. Critical thinking/clinical Judgment, in conjunction with the nursing process, is the basis for making clinical decisions. 9 3. Communication is a dynamic interactive process that encompasses the teaching/learning process. Communication is essential in meeting self-care needs. Effective oral, written, and non-verbal communication skills are necessary to apply the nursing process, to promote self-care, and to guide and teach patients. Teaching and learning techniques are incorporated throughout the program. Practical Nursing students communicate with individuals, families, and groups to further the goal of self-care. 4. Human Development: All human beings have specialized growth and developmental needs and related tasks to accomplish at various stages of the life span. Individuals differ in their ability to meet self-care needs. The amount of assistance necessary to meet self-care needs is affected by the developmental stage and adverse effects of illness. Practical Nurse students are provided with opportunities to assist individuals to meet self-care needs at different developmental stages. 5. Cultural Diversity: Cultural and socioeconomic background factors influence the ability to meet selfcare needs. Variations of self-care needs result from unique life experiences. Cultural norms are learned first in the family and then in societal groups. Practical Nursing students are exposed to the impact of socioeconomic and cultural diversity both in the classroom and in clinical agencies. Knowledge of cultural variation is incorporated when planning nursing care. 6. Role of the Practical Nurse: The Practical Nurse is a provider of care utilizing specialized knowledge and skills that meet the health needs of people in a variety of settings under the direction of qualified health professionals. The Practical Nurse utilizes leadership skills while adhering to ethical and legal standards of the nursing profession. EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES The program is designed to prepare students to demonstrate the following program outcomes: 1. Collects, prioritizes, organizes, and records patient information in an accurate and appropriate manner for continuity of patient care. 2. Integrate interpersonal skill concepts and professional behavior standards into the practice of Practical Nursing. The ability to utilize therapeutic communication skills effectively with members of the health care team, patients, and families. 3. Apply the principles of medication administration while utilizing the nursing process to affect a positive and safe outcome. Also, utilize the nursing process while implementing scientific principles of nursing consistently to safely provide technical care. 4. Delegate and supervise within LPN scope of practice to unlicensed personnel in the performance of appropriate skills while adhering to facility policies and procedures. 5. Demonstr
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